Mohs & Reconstruction Treatment

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Mohs Surgery

Mohs micrographic surgery is considered the most effective technique for treating many basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), the two most common types of skin cancer. The procedure is done in stages, including lab work, while the patient waits. This allows the removal of all cancerous cells for the highest cure rate while sparing healthy tissue and leaving the smallest possible scar.

What Happens During Mohs Surgery?

The procedure is done in stages, all in one visit, while the patient waits between each stage. After removing a layer of tissue, the surgeon examines it under a microscope in an on-site lab. If any cancer cells remain, the surgeon knows the exact area where they are and removes another layer of tissue from that precise location, while sparing as much healthy tissue as possible. The doctor repeats this process until no cancer cells remain.

Is Mohs Surgery Right for me?

Mohs surgery is the gold standard for treating many basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), including those in cosmetically and functionally important areas around the eyes, nose, lips, ears, scalp, fingers, toes or genitals. Mohs is also recommended for BCCs or SCCs that are large, aggressive or growing rapidly, that have indistinct edges, or have recurred after previous treatment. Some surgeons are also successfully using Mohs surgery on certain cases of melanoma.

Mohs & Reconstruction of Nasal Ala
Mohs & Reconstruction of Nasal Ala
Mohs & Reconstruction of Forehead
Mohs & Reconstruction of Forehead

Advantages of Mohs Surgery


Efficient, cost-effective treatment:

• Single-visit outpatient surgery
• Local anesthesia
• Lab work done on-site


Precise results:

• Physician examines 100% of tumor margins
• Spares healthy tissue
• Leaves the smallest scar possible


The highest cure rate:

• Up to 99% for a skin cancer that has not been treated before
• Up to 94% for a skin cancer that has recurred after previous treatment


Options for Reconstruction

While your surgeon might be able to give you an idea of whether your reconstruction should take place immediately after surgery or be delayed until later, it's impossible to know the extent of the cancer in advance.


After determining that the affected area is cancer free and reconstruction is necessary, the Mohs surgeon will review skin cancer reconstructive surgery options with you. Depending on the size of the tumor, depth of roots, and location, one of the following options will be selected:


  • Small, simple wounds may be allowed to heal by themselves (process known as secondary-intention healing)
  • Slightly larger wounds may be closed with stitches in a side-to-side fashion
  • Larger or more complicated wounds may require a skin graft from another area of the body or a flap, which closes the defect with skin adjacent to the wound
  • The patient may be referred to another reconstructive surgical specialist

Post-Operative Management

Your surgeon will arrange post-surgical check-ups after Mohs surgery to monitor your recovery and spot any possible cancer recurrence as soon as possible. Since 2 out of 5 patients with one skin cancer will develop another within 5 years, follow-up is extremely important for early detection of any new lesions.


Learn more about Mohs Micrographic Surgery.

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